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Rodrigo Rato – Former Director of the International Monetary Fund

Rodrigo de Rato y Figaredo (born 18 March 1949) is a Spanish political figure who served in the government of Spain as Minister of the Economy from 1996 to 2004; a member of the conservative People's Party (PP), he was also First Deputy Prime Minister from 2003 to 2004. Subsequently he was Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) from 2004 to 2007.

Rato was appointed to become the Managing Director of the IMF on 4 May 2004, and took up his duties on 7 June 2004. He left his post at the IMF on 31 October 2007, following the World Bank-IMF Annual Meetings. He was president of Bankia between 3 December 2010 and 7 May 2012 until bankruptcy.

Felipe Gonzalez Marquez - Former Prime Minister of Spain

Felipe Gonzalez is a Spanish social-democratic politician. He was the General Secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 1974 to 1997. To date, he remains the longest-serving Prime Minister of Spain, after having served four successive mandates from 1982 to 1996. His ascension is generally seen as the last step in the path to Spain's re-instatement of democracy which commenced with the death of Francisco Franco in 1975. After losing power to Partido Popular's José María Aznar in 1996, he briefly continued to lead the PSOE but was ousted following a controversy regarding illegal actions his government had taken in the struggle against ETA.

Javier Pérez de Cuellar - Former United Nations General Secretary and Prime Minister of Peru

Javier Perez de Cuellar is a Peruvian diplomat. He studied at the Catholic University in his hometown. In addition to being a lawyer, in 1944 he was professor of international law and entered the diplomatic career. He was his country's ambassador to Switzerland from 1964 to 1966 and at the same time, to the Soviet Union and Poland from 1969 to 1971. He represented Peru to the governments of France, Britain, Brazil, Switzerland, USSR and United Nations.

In 1975 he was appointed UN representative in Cyprus for two years. He got involved in Zambia, Afghanistan and Indochina as undersecretary general for special political issues. In 1979 he returned to the diplomatic service and Peru from January 1982 to December 1991. He served as Secretary General of the UN, succeeding Kurt Waldheim.

In 1994 he agreed to run for the presidency of his country, and supported by the parties opposing Fujimori; in the elections of 1995, Perez de Cuellar came within 20 points of President Alberto Fujimori.

His performances as a mediator and negotiator in politics have earned him recognition from the international community, which is shown in the numerous awards and honors he has received throughout his political career, including the Prince of Asturias Award is found International Cooperation 1987; has also been awarded honorary doctorates by several universities and is a member of the French Academy of Moral and Political Sciences.

Jacques Chirac - Former President of France

When he became president of France in 1995, Jacques Chirac had already enjoyed an eventful political career. After having joined the ENA, he joined the cabinet of Georges Pompidou, the then-prime minister since 1962. Elected the MP for Corrèze in 1967, he would only occupy his seat in France's National Assembly for two months, before beginning his long ministerial career at the age of 35.

Secretary of State for Employment, he played a crucial role in the Grenelle agreements on 25th May 1968. The Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development (1972) and then Interior Minister (1974) under the presidency of Georges Pompidou, upon the latter's death, Chirac supported the campaign of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing during the presidential election of 1974, becoming Prime Minister. After resigning from his post in 1976, which constituted a first in the institutional history of France's Fifth Republic, it was as president of the Rassemblement pour la République (Rally for the Public, or the RPR) political party which he created, that he was elected the Mayor of Paris (1977-1995).

Prime minister in the Cohabitation with François Mitterrand (1986-1988), after 14 years of socialist presidency, Jacques Chirac was elected the president of France on 7th May 1995, with 52.6% of the votes against candidate Lionel Jospin. He was re-elected on 5th May 2002 in the second round of the elections, with 82.21% of the vote against JM Le Pen, for a 5-year term in office following the introduction of the quinquennat(new standard 5-year time in office for French presidents) in 2000.

Since June 2008, Jacques Chirac has been the president of the Foundation for sustainable development and cultural dialogue).


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