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Planting, harvesting and water efficiency," the Andean world is no longer condemned to poverty

Water scarcity in the highlands of Peru is the main cause of rural poverty. It generates recurrent drought similar to Northeast of Brasil or the desertification of the Sahara. This condition, coupled with the ravages of climate change, subdues the peasants of this lands to subsistence farming and with low efficiency.

To address this situation, most public policies have focused their efforts to build irrigation canals fed by stocks such as lakes or rivers. This management model is inefficient, because it assumes the pre-existence of large volumes of accumulated water. In the past few years that capacity has diminished because riverbeds and lagoons have also done so. Faced with the reality of having less water to pass through channels and also have poor infrastructure, people in the upper basin of the river Lurin looked up: the more quantity of water is in heaven. With this premise, people assumed that the solution was to harvest the rainwater. Planting it. Watering it efficiently.

Eliane Karp: "Over 500 years have gone by and we are still talking about an invisible Peru, which is, unacceptable"

Speaking at the forum entitled "Multiculturalism in times of globalization," the former first lady, Eliane Karp - Toledo said that Internet can help tremendously to the development of indigenous peoples, thus, the application of necessary policies to give access to this network turns out to be indispensable

"Internet and social networks can help enormously. The contact of indigenous peoples with the modern word is huge and we shouldn’t consider it otherwise. Obviously the penetration of Internet in the Amazon or the Andes is less intense than in Lima, and that is something we have to improve making sure we reach the last village, "she said.

Also, Karp explained the ideas and thoughts of her latest book “The Invisible Peru”, and said that the fight to vindicate the diversity and plurality in our country is difficult and longlasting.

"Over 50 years have gone by and we are still talking about an invisible Peru, which is unacceptable for a democratic country. Multiculturalism means: I understand you, you understand me and we respect everyone. We see all of us, "she said.


She added that multiculturalism and interculturalism are part of the implementation of a fair and legal democracy, "although Peru does not yet know how to manage it."

"How do we live the ethnic, cultural, linguistic and thought diversity in Peru? Are we an open and tolerant society? One of the main issues is how to manage multiculturalism. We still do not know how to, and that's what we have to learn and work for, "she said.

The event was organized by the first vice president of Congress, Modesto Julca, and was attended by former president Alejandro Toledo, former State Ministers Ana Maria Romero Lozada, Doris Sanchez and Anel Townsend, and former president of the Congress Marcial Ayaipoma.

As Latin America's Wealth Grows, What Will Happen to the Impoverished?

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New discoveries of oil and mineral deposits in Latin America have led to an increasingly sharp rate of growth, according to the United Nations. Yet social strife threatens to undermine the region's recent economic and political progress, says former Peruvian President Alejandro Toledo, now an economist at Stanford. In The Shared Society: A Vision for the Global Future of Latin America, Toledo outlines a plan for a future Latin America that brings the 40 percent of Latin America's poor and marginalized into a rising middle class.

Former Peru President on Improving U.S. & Cuba Relations

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One bright spot amid political instability across Latin America is the improving relations between the U.S. and Cuba. Last week, President Obama officially announced his intention to remove Cuba's State Sponsor of Terror designation, which has been in place since 1982. The former President of Peru, Alejandro Toledo, thinks the strengthening relations between the two nations is a positive sign: 'Now there is an opportunity for Cuba to strengthen its economy through tourism, trade and investment.' Though Toledo doesn’t think trade between other Latin American countries and Cuba will be negatively affected now that the U.S. is in the picture. TheStreet's Scott Gamm sat down with Toledo at the Americas Society/Council of Americas bureau in New York.

"Silence makes you an accomplice in Venezuela"

El Pais - April 21 .- The Peruvian president said that the region has the responsibility to condemn the lack of democracy in Venezuela. He wants to join Felipe González’s team in the defense of those opponents in jail, and intends to travel to Venezuela together with 30 former presidents.

The Peruvian president Alejandro Toledo (2001-2006) has never hidden his rejection of "populist authoritarianism" which he always saw on Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and now says, that his successor, Nicolas Maduro has inherited. He is one of the signers of the Declaration of Panama, signed by 31 former presidents concerned with the situation in Venezuela. A year ago, he also signed another statement on Venezuela with former president Oscar Arias, Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Ricardo Lagos, to which 96 former leaders and prime ministers from around the world, gathered at the Club de Madrid, joined.

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